THEORY SESSION 4 : BIG DATA // (Byung chul han / psychopolitics - neoliberalism and new technologies of power)

1. Relaton between statistics (enlightment and big data)
Transparency as buzzword of the second enlightnment

Transparent (cloud of words)  clear; crystal; crystal clear idiom; crystalline; densely; diaphanous; filminess; filmy; impenetrable; limpid; opacity; opaquely; see-through; thin; thinly; translucence; translucent; transparent.

Maybe transparency is not an ethical principle in itself but a pro-ethical condition for enabling or impairing other ethical practices or principles. 

association of transparancy with something possitive, is that a western thing?
but what about banking secrecy? etc
who has the access to the data / the transparancy is not for everyone (1%) : we don t have education about BD
(false) clarity / transparency in context / who s in control : it s a myth, density of data makes if opaque again

Transparancy as comfort?
Do you choose to enter big data? free will? to self track
there different nstrategies of imposing / forcing 
can we choose to not participate
fomo - the idea of a choice / the illusion of having a choice / is it desirable not to participate / 
the physical implications / bolidly consequences of usign smart phones etc 

(see quote adorno : tr is another myth, meaning is based on narration, data fills up the essensceless void)
DATA: symplicity or complexity?

(* data has the authority to proove my ID more then 'my own body' has)

The role of politics?
The myth of liberation / liberating humanity / nostalgia / getting rid of former ... phase / 

data are being organised / they are makeing meaning already from it
question is WHO is making meaning from it
--> we might not be happy with the current meaning 

what is the implicit aim or ideology that is underneath all of this?? is the heart of this question

Critique of enlightment :: whats the values / system ... 

who decided that transparency isi desirable 
no zones of shaddow?
- it works quite well in relation to capital // here s all our data , that brings in idea of comfort

* Evolution of information technology 
* romantication of going back to the land , 
priviliged possition of 'going to the land' ' have the time and money to invest in artisanal (?) hobby's, pottery, baing bread, ...)

* The calculation of averages / missing out of the singular event / the incapability of computation to mve forward, the think of the 'new', (see again gause curve)
optimilization = elimination 
* unification : all these theories are unifying

stability of the network vs chaos nature

"Oh my God, the Universe is indifferent" 
(on reading nietzsche)

"teh census, which represented a biopolitical practice of disciplinary society, provides material that may be used demographically (... finish quot...)

the marigins are comfortble
surrealism / weaving-realism / waverealism

what enables our everyday life is invisible 
render invisible 

A toolbox for revolution? Making the invisible visible = exposure of overwhelming data, might lead to the rejection of harmful habits

Automation is not new, your body is 99% automated, 
automation is not ideological 
is it natural? - humans are using it (more and more ) on a conscious level : it culturized / nature vs culture / culture is the human nature

is it our own anxiety of not understanding the world? or is it a real 
acceleration of consumtion

The world is getting more complex - the world was always comeplex, but get s more complex on 'system scale', 
--> DEGROWTH :-)

danger is being overwellmed 
(Lode is being reminded of '"the good place", a series : we ll watch it durin YOUTUBe )
Production chain (the totality of the consequences of your actions, what agency do we have, individual scale, getting organised, the individual movement vs the social movement
what s the suffuency of it all on the larger scale?

Emotional drive of humans 
--> see the quantified self

internet time : surfing on the flows

2. knowledge - how do 'we' come to knowledge and can 'big data' do so as well?

David Bohm on measurement and insight: 


the present - the past - but not the future
emotions and ideology 
redifinition of happyness?
can the world be a better place ? whats the better? for who? by which means? which goals / ...
the criteria of the system can include ecology - environment  (post antropocentrism)

nationalism a reaction to the percieved void (no one s directing) (romantisiscm - enlightment)
manage a country as a company, data to be managed

Is data's politicak age the age of augmented Realpolitik?

Realpolitik (from German: real; "realistic", "practical", or "actual"; and Politik; "politics") is politics or diplomacy based primarily on considerations of given circumstances and factors, rather than explicit ideological notions or moral and ethical premises. In this respect, it shares aspects of its philosophical approach with those of realism and pragmatism. It is often simply referred to as "pragmatism" in politics, e.g. "pursuing pragmatic policies". The term Realpolitik is sometimes used pejoratively to imply politics that are perceived as coercive, amoral, or Machiavellian.

data is not neutral : you can not exclude the observer 
can the computer transcend the perspective / understanding of the observer?
the idea tha data is aperspectival and that it eliminates all blind spots, is the very blind spot of this 'perspective on data'

Totality: the whole of something; "the totality of their current policies"; entirety, entireness, wholeness, fullness, completeness, inclusiveness, unity.

the end goal is to gather all the data, the totality, to know everything 


the waste gathegory / are we able to meet the other 
enlightment project from the begining : collect all information and knowledge : but what do we want the world to look like?

the panopticon : people outside of the system  : what if no ones 'in' the system anymore
mass movements - unified waste - not being waste / become wasted 
work harder to achieve the ideal of the 1%
CHANGE OF IDEALS - "we want to be waste" , then what about recycling culture? looking for ways to recyle ourselves
waste antonym of utility
but recycling also means ultility, putting things back into the cycle / upcycling

Dissensus (Ranciere)
Narrative environment designs may be said to be a form of dissensus, or “a dissensual re-configuration of the common experience of the sensible.”

the selection process - is the only way to come to knowledge ; not everything into account

the meeting as a place for the regeneration of stories / narratives / the sensible : rewriting
do we redefine 'our common understanding of the meeting as a place / moment / gathering for descision making" 

a meeting in order to take place at all: is creating a common language, common ground. 
--> about spirit
common and the uncommon - commonalities, uncommonolities - 

Conclussion : synchronisation of vocabulary / base lines for a meeting
institutionalisation of language - standard set for communication / guidelines :: efficiency based : bureaucratic 
(using more words does not always makes things more clear)
transcend differences in order to generate a language / spending time together

Hannah Arendt - the world 'lost' it s power to ... 


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